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<div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_l" style="WIDTH: 243px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a2_40_88_01300000261284123492885946428_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=锛堝浘锛夌墰娲ュぇ瀛?alt=锛堝浘锛夌墰娲ュぇ瀛?src="http://a2.att.hudong.com/40/88/01300000261284123492885946428_s.jpg"></A><strong>鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P>鐗涙触澶у浣嶄簬<A class=innerlink title=鑻卞浗 href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%8B%B1%E5%9B%BD')>鑻卞浗</A><A class=innerlink title=鐗涙触甯?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%89%9B%E6%B4%A5%E5%B8%82')>鐗涙触甯?/A>锛屾槸鑻辫涓栫晫涓渶鍙よ€佺殑澶у銆傚缓绔嬩簬13涓栫邯锛屼笘鐣屽崄澶у搴滀箣涓€锛屼互缇庝附鐨勫ぇ瀛﹀煄闂诲悕鍏ㄤ笘鐣岋紝绔ヨ瘽鏁呬簨---<A class=innerlink title=鐖变附涓?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%88%B1%E4%B8%BD%E4%B8%9D')>鐖变附涓?/A>姊︽父浠欏鍗充互姝ゅ湴涓烘晠浜嬭儗鏅€傚湪鐗涙触澶勫閮芥槸浼樼編鐨勫摜寰峰紡灏栧寤虹瓚锛屽洜姝ゆ湁鈥滃皷濉斾箣鍩庘€濅箣绉般€傜墰娲ュぇ瀛︽槸<A class=innerlink title=鑻卞浗 href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%8B%B1%E5%9B%BD')>鑻卞浗</A>绗竴鎵€鍥界珛澶у锛屽煿鑲插嚭鏃犳暟鐨勯《灏栨澃鍑轰汉澹€?/P> <P>璇ユ牎鍖呭惈36涓闄紝闄や簡鍚勮嚜鏈変笉鍚岀殑<A class=innerlink title=寤虹瓚 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%BB%BA%E7%AD%91')>寤虹瓚</A>鐗硅壊涔嬪锛屾瘡涓闄负鐙珛鑷富鐨勬暀瀛︽満鏋勶紝鎻愪緵瀛︾敓璇句笟鍙婄敓娲讳笂鐨勬寚瀵笺€傝澶у鍏辨湁30澶氫釜瀛﹂櫌锛屽悇鍏风壒鑹层€傜墰娲ュぇ瀛︾殑璇剧▼锛屾棤璁烘槸鏂囩杩樻槸鐞嗙锛岄兘鍙幏寰楁枃瀛﹀澹浣嶆垨鐩稿簲鐨勮崳瑾夊浣嶏紝鐢卞甯堣嚜宸辨寫瀛︾敓锛岀粡杩囦笁骞寸殑瀛︿範锛屽彇寰楀澹浣嶃€?/P> <P>鐗涙触杩樿鏈変袱绉嶄互涓婄殑绉戠洰缁撳悎鍦ㄤ竴璧风殑绉戠洰锛屽鍝插鍜屾暟瀛︺€?A class=innerlink title=鍙ゅ吀鏂囧 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%8F%A4%E5%85%B8%E6%96%87%E5%AD%A6')>鍙ゅ吀鏂囧</A>鍜?A class=innerlink title=鐜颁唬鏂囧 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%8E%B0%E4%BB%A3%E6%96%87%E5%AD%A6')>鐜颁唬鏂囧</A>绛夛紝鍏呭垎浣撶幇浜嗗綋浠婂鏈鍩熷瑙掑害銆佸杈圭紭锛屼簾闇€璧勬簮鍏变韩鐨勬疆娴佸拰瓒嬪娍銆?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鍘嗗彶</span><a name="3" href="doc-editsection-88-3.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鏍″窘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a4_12_06_01300000332400125802069842424_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鏍″窘 alt=鏍″窘 src="http://a4.att.hudong.com/12/06/01300000332400125802069842424_s.jpg"></A><strong>鏍″窘</strong></DIV> <P>鍗佷簩涓栫邯鏈殑鏃跺€欙紝鐗涙触闀囧凡缁忔槸涓€涓噸瑕佺殑<A class=innerlink title=鏁欒偛 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%95%99%E8%82%B2')>鏁欒偛</A>涓績銆備粠<A class=innerlink title=娆ф床 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%AC%A7%E6%B4%B2')>娆ф床</A>澶ч檰涓庡叾浠栧湴鏂圭殑瀛﹁€呭畾灞呭湪姝わ紝鍦?096骞存椂灏辨湁涓€浜涙暀瀛︽椿鍔ㄣ€?167骞村反榛庡ぇ瀛︾殑鎺掑娲诲姩锛岃璁稿鑻卞浗瀛﹁€呯寮€娉曞浗锛屽洖鍒拌嫳鍥界墰娲ャ€傜墰娲ユ槸<A class=innerlink title=娉版櫎澹渤 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%B3%B0%E6%99%A4%E5%A3%AB%E6%B2%B3')>娉版櫎澹渤</A>璋峰湴鐨勪富瑕佸煄甯傦紝鍏堕噸瑕佹€ф槸1167骞磋嫳鍥界墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀湪姝ゆ垚绔嬨€傜墰娲ョ‘瀹氫笌鐗涙湁鍏炽€備紶璇存槸鍙や唬鐗涚兢娑夋按鑰岃繃鐨勫湴鏂癸紝鍥犺€屽彇鍚嶇墰娲ワ紙Oxford锛夈€傜墰娲ュ悜鏉ユ槸浼︽暒瑗胯璺嚎涓婄殑閲嶇偣锛屾棭鍦?096骞达紝灏卞凡鏈変汉鍦ㄧ墰娲ヨ瀛︺€?</P> <P>姝f槸鍦?A class=innerlink title=涓笘绾?href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%B8%AD%E4%B8%96%E7%BA%AA')>涓笘绾?/A>锛岄偅浜涙€濇兂娲昏穬銆佺敓娲讳笉缇併€佸父璧婃瑺鍊哄姟鐨勯潚骞村鐢燂紝涓嶅彲閬垮厤鍦颁笌褰撳湴灞呮皯鍙戠敓鍐茬獊銆傚墤妗ュぇ瀛︾殑鍒涘姙涔熸槸13涓栫邯鍒濄€傚叾涓渶澶х殑涓€娆″啿绐侊紝鍑犵櫨鍚嶅鐢熻涔辩灏勬銆傝繖浠朵簨鐨勭粨鏋滄槸鍥界帇鍑洪潰闀囧帇锛屽苟鍒ゅ競姘戣禂鍋跨墰娲ュぇ瀛?00骞磋垂鐢ㄣ€傜墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀缓绔嬫椂闂翠笉璇︼紝鍥犱负閭e苟涓嶆槸涓€涓嫭绔嬬殑浜嬩欢锛屽畠鍙互杩芥函鍒?096骞翠簬閭i噷寮€濮嬬殑鏁欏銆傚綋鑻辨硶鍏崇郴鎭跺寲锛岃嫳鐜?A class=innerlink title=浜ㄥ埄浜屼笘 href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%BA%A8%E5%88%A9%E4%BA%8C%E4%B8%96')>浜ㄥ埄浜屼笘</A>浜?167骞寸姝㈣嫳鍥藉鐢熷湪<A class=innerlink title=宸撮粠澶у href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%B7%B4%E9%BB%8E%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6')>宸撮粠澶у</A>瀛︿範鍚庯紝鐗涙触寮€濮嬭繀閫熷彂灞曘€備篃灏辨槸浠庢鏃跺紑濮嬶紝绗竴涓鏍″叕瀵撳缓绔嬶紝涔嬪悗閫愭笎鎴愪负瀛﹂櫌銆?209骞达紝鐢变簬瀛︾敓鏆村姏琛屼负锛屽ぇ瀛﹁瑙f暎(姝や簨浠跺鑷翠簡涓€浜涘鐢熷拰鏁欏笀绂诲紑鐗涙触骞跺缓绔嬩簡鍓戞ˉ澶у)銆?214骞?鏈?0鏃ワ紝缁忚繃涓€鍚嶆暀鐨囦娇鑺傜殑纾嬪晢锛屽ぇ瀛﹂噸鏂板洖鍒颁簡鐗涙触锛屽苟寰楀埌浜嗙壒璁弄€傜墰娲ュぇ瀛︾殑韬唤鐩村埌1571骞撮€氳繃鐨勪竴椤规硶妗堣€屽緱鍒拌瘉瀹炵殑纭畾銆?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鏈烘瀯</span><a name="5" href="doc-editsection-88-5.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <P>澶у<A class=innerlink title=鍥句功棣?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%9B%BE%E4%B9%A6%E9%A6%86')>鍥句功棣?/A>鐗涙触鐢变竴涓腑澶鏍?鍖呮嫭鏍″拰绯诲浘涔﹂锛屼互鍙婄瀛﹀疄楠屽)锛?8涓闄互鍙?涓案涔呯浜哄叕瀵?Permanent Private Halls锛孭PHs)銆傝繖浜涘闄㈠苟涓嶅彧鏄鑸嶏紝鑰屾槸瀹炶川涓婅礋璐f湰绉戠敓鍜岀爺绌剁敓鐨勬暀瀛︺€傛湁浜涘闄㈠彧鎺ュ彈鐮旂┒鐢燂紝杩欎簺閫氬父閮芥槸杩戜竴涓笘绾缓绔嬬殑鏂板闄紝渚嬪Wolfson College銆傝€屾湁涓€涓闄㈡牴鏈氨涓嶆嫑鏀跺鐢燂紝閭e氨鏄疉ll Souls College銆傜墰娲ョ殑瀛﹂櫌绯荤粺浜х敓浜庡ぇ瀛﹁癁鐢熶箣鏃讹紝骞堕€愭笎鎴愪负鐗涙触甯傜嫭绔?A class=innerlink title=鏈烘瀯 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%9C%BA%E6%9E%84')>鏈烘瀯</A>鐨勯泦鍚堜綋銆?涓庡ぇ澶氭暟鍏朵粬澶у缁勭粐缁撴瀯鐩镐技锛岀墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀張鏍规嵁涓撲笟鍒嗕负涓嶅悓鐨勭郴銆傜郴閫氬父鍦ㄧ爺绌剁敓鏁欏涓壆婕斾富瑕佽鑹诧紝鎻愪緵璁插骇銆佽绋嬩互鍙婄粍缁囪€冭瘯銆傜郴涔熼€氬父鏄澶栭儴鏈烘瀯鍖呮嫭澶у瀷鐮旂┒濮斿憳浼氳祫鍔╃殑鐮旂┒涓績銆?</P><strong>鏍″唴涓昏鍥綋鍙婃満鏋勫寘鎷?/strong> <P><strong>鍥句功棣?/strong> <BR>Bodleian 鍥句功棣?(Bodleian Library) <BR>Bodleian 娉曞緥鍥句功棣?Bodleian Law Library) <BR>Hooke 鍥句功棣?(Hooke Library) <BR>Sackler 鍥句功棣?(Sackler Library) <BR>Radcliffe 绉戝鍥句功棣?(Radcliffe Science Library) <BR>璇峰弬鐪嬬墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀浘涔﹂锛堣嫳鏂囷級 <BR><BR><strong>鍗氱墿棣?/strong> <BR>闃夸粈鑾灄鍗氱墿棣?(Ashmolean Museum) <BR>鐨壒鍒╁紬鏂崥鐗╅ (Pitt Rivers Museum) <BR>鐗涙触澶у鑷劧鍙插崥鐗╅ (Oxford University Museum of Natural History) <BR>绉戝鍙插崥鐗╅ (Museum of the History of Science) </P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">澹拌獕</span><a name="7" href="doc-editsection-88-7.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 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href="doc-editsection-88-11.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 220px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a2_87_90_01300000016998120635904770611_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a2.att.hudong.com/87/90/01300000016998120635904770611_s.jpg"></A><strong style="WIDTH: 220px">鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P align=left>鑰冨彜瀛︺€佷汉绫诲涓庡湴鐞嗐€?A class=innerlink title=绁炲 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%A5%9E%E5%AD%A6')>绁炲</A>銆佹硶寰嬨€佺編鏈€佺幇浠e彶銆佷腑涓滅爺绌躲€佷汉绫昏瑷€浜х敓鐮旂┒銆佽嚜鐒剁瀛︺€佸績鐞嗙爺绌躲€佺姽澶汉鐮旂┒銆佹暟瀛﹀強鐢电畻銆?甯屼集鏉ヨ銆佹娲茶瑷€銆佸伐绋嬪銆佺ぞ浼氱瀛︺€佹暟瀛︺€佷腑涓栫邯鍙婄幇浠h瑷€鐮旂┒銆佸缓绛戙€佸寲瀛﹀伐绋嬨€佺粡娴庛€佹暀鑲层€佺數瀛愬伐绋嬨€佺敓鐗╃瀛︺€佷复搴婂尰瀛︺€佷笢鏂圭爺绌躲€佺鐞嗐€佺墿鐞嗐€侀煶涔愩€?A class=innerlink title=鍝插 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%93%B2%E5%AD%A6')>鍝插</A>銆佹斂娌诲銆佸畻鏁欑爺绌剁瓑銆?/P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">瀛﹂櫌璁剧疆</span><a name="13" href="doc-editsection-88-13.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <P align=left> <TABLE class=table> <TBODY> <TR> <TD>鍚嶇О   </TD> <TD> 鎴愮珛鏃ユ湡</TD> <TD>鍚嶇О</TD> <TD>鎴愮珛鏃ユ湡 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у涓囩伒瀛﹂櫌 (All Souls College)</TD> <TD> 1438骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у璐濆埄濂ュ皵瀛﹂櫌 (Balliol College)</TD> <TD> 1263骞?/TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у甯冮浄榻愯鏂闄?(Brasenose College)  </TD> <TD> 1509骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍩虹潱鏁欏爞瀛﹂櫌 (Christ Church)</TD> <TD> 1546骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍩虹潱鍦d綋瀛﹂櫌 (Corpus Christi College)  </TD> <TD> 1517骞?/TD> <TD><A class=innerlink title=鐗涙触澶у鑹惧厠濉炵壒瀛﹂櫌 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%89%9B%E6%B4%A5%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E8%89%BE%E5%85%8B%E5%A1%9E%E7%89%B9%E5%AD%A6%E9%99%A2')>鐗涙触澶у鑹惧厠濉炵壒瀛﹂櫌</A>(Exeter College)  </TD> <TD> 1314骞?/TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鏍兼灄瀛﹂櫌 (Green College)  </TD> <TD> 1979骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍝堥噷鏂欐浖褰绘柉鐗瑰闄?(Harris Manchester College) </TD> <TD> 1786骞? College status 1996 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у璧壒绂忓痉瀛﹂櫌 (Hertford College) </TD> <TD> 1282骞?</TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鑰剁ǎ瀛﹂櫌 (Jesus College)</TD> <TD> 1571骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍩哄竷灏斿闄?(Keble College) </TD> <TD> 1870骞?</TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍑礇鏍煎闄?(Kellogg College)</TD> <TD> 1990骞? College status 1994 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鐜涙牸鑾夌壒澶汉瀛﹀爞 (Lady Margaret Hall)</TD> <TD> 1878骞?</TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鏉庣撼鍏嬪皵瀛﹂櫌 (Linacre College) </TD> <TD> 1962骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鏋楄偗瀛﹂櫌 (Lincoln College) </TD> <TD> 1427骞?</TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鏇兼柉鑿插皵寰峰闄?(Mansfield College) </TD> <TD> 1886骞? College status 1995 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鑾痉鏋楀闄?(Magdalen College) </TD> <TD> 1458骞?</TD> <TD> <A class=innerlink title=鐗涙触澶у榛橀】瀛﹂櫌 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%89%9B%E6%B4%A5%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E9%BB%98%E9%A1%BF%E5%AD%A6%E9%99%A2')>鐗涙触澶у榛橀】瀛﹂櫌</A> (Merton College)  </TD> <TD> 1264骞?/TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></P> <P align=left> <TABLE class=table> <TBODY> <TR> <TD>鐗涙触澶у鏂板闄?(New College)  </TD> <TD>1379骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у绾宠彶灏斿痉瀛﹂櫌 (Nuffield College) </TD> <TD> 1958骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у濂ラ噷灏斿闄?(Oriel College)  </TD> <TD>1326骞?/TD> <TD>鐗涙触澶у褰竷娲涘厠瀛﹂櫌 (Pembroke College) </TD> <TD> 1624骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鐜嬪悗瀛﹂櫌 (The Queen's College) </TD> <TD>1341骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鎷夋柉閲戝闄?(The Ruskin College)  </TD> <TD> 1899骞?/TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e畨瀛﹂櫌 (St Anne's College)  </TD> <TD>1878骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e畨涓滃凹瀛﹂櫌 (St Antony's College) </TD> <TD>1950骞? College status 1963  </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e嚡鐟熺惓瀛﹂櫌 (St Catherine's College) </TD> <TD>1963骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e崄瀛楀闄?(St Cross College) </TD> <TD>1965骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e笇灏旇揪瀛﹂櫌 (St Hilda's College) </TD> <TD>1893骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦h壘寰疯挋瀛﹀爞 (St Edmund Hall)</TD> <TD> 1226骞? College status 1957 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦d紤瀛﹂櫌 (St Hugh's College)</TD> <TD>1886骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦g害缈板闄?(St John's College) </TD> <TD> 1555骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鍦e郊寰楀闄?(St Peter's College) </TD> <TD>1929骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у钀ㄩ粯缁村皵瀛﹂櫌 (Somerville College) </TD> <TD> 1879骞?</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у涓変竴瀛﹂櫌 (Trinity College)  </TD> <TD>1554骞?/TD> <TD><A class=innerlink title=鐗涙触澶у鍧︽櫘椤垮闄?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%89%9B%E6%B4%A5%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E5%9D%A6%E6%99%AE%E9%A1%BF%E5%AD%A6%E9%99%A2')>鐗涙触澶у鍧︽櫘椤垮闄?/A> (Templeton College) </TD> <TD> 1965骞? College status 1995 </TD></TR> <TR> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у澶у瀛﹂櫌 (University College) </TD> <TD>1249骞?/TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у鐡﹀痉姹夊闄?(Wadham College) </TD> <TD> 1610骞?</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></P> <P align=left> <TABLE class=table> <TBODY> <TR> <TD>鐗涙触澶у浼嶆柉鐗瑰闄?(Worcester College) </TD> <TD> 1714骞?</TD> <TD> 鐗涙触澶у娌冨紬妫闄?(Wolfson College)</TD> <TD>1966骞? College status 1981  </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鏈嶅姟</span><a name="15" href="doc-editsection-88-15.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_l" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a1_88_90_01300000016998120635908052362_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a1.att.hudong.com/88/90/01300000016998120635908052362_s.jpg"></A><strong style="WIDTH: 300px">鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P><strong>瀛︾敓浼?/strong>鐨勫瓨鍦ㄦ槸涓轰娇瀛︾敓鐨勮蹇靛崗璋冧竴鑷达紝鎶婂鐢熺殑鍏磋叮鎻愬崌鍒板ぇ瀛︽按骞炽€傚畠鍚戝鐢熸彁渚涜寖鍥村箍娉涚殑鏈嶅姟锛屽寘鎷负瀛︾敓浠h█锛岀粍缁囨湁璁″垝鐨勬椿鍔紝瀛︾敓绂忓埄鍜屽鐢熸湇鍔$瓑銆?</P> <P><strong>灏变笟鏈嶅姟 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href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%BA%A4%E6%B5%81')>浜ゆ祦</A>鐨勭洰鐨勯渶瑕佸涔犲拰瀹屽杽璇█鎶€鑳界殑浜恒€備腑蹇冩敹钘忕殑鍘熺増銆佽鍚拰鐢靛瓙鐨勮瑷€鏉愭枡娑电洊浜嗗涓绉嶃€傝鏈夋暀鎺堟娲蹭富瑕佽瑷€鍜岃嫳璇綔涓哄鍥借鐨勭彮绾с€備腑蹇冪殑鏁欏憳浣跨敤鐢卞崼鏄熷湪鏁翠釜娆ф床浼犻€佺殑鐢佃鑺傜洰鎵€缁勬垚鐨勫厛杩涜瑷€鏁欏绯荤粺銆傚鐢熻祫鍔╋細鏍℃柟鍗佸垎鍏冲績瀛︾敓鐨勫鏂归潰绂忓埄銆傚鐢熷洶闅惧鍛樹細鎺岀涓虹紦瑙e鐢熷涓殑缁忔祹鍥伴毦鑰岃鐨勫熀閲戙€備粬浠彁渚涚殑甯姪褰㈠紡涓昏鏄捶娆惧拰鍔╁閲戯紝瀛︽牎杩樻帴鍙楅珮绛夋暀鑲插熀閲戝鍛樹細鎻愪緵鐨勫叆瀛﹀熀閲戯紝鐢ㄤ互甯姪瀹朵腑鏈夌粡娴庡洶闅剧殑瀛︾敓銆?/P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">钁楀悕鐨勭墰娲ヤ汉</span><a name="17" href="doc-editsection-88-17.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <P>鍦ㄩ噸瑙嗕紶缁熷強闃剁骇鎰忚瘑鐨勮嫳鍥界ぞ浼氫腑锛岀墰寰嬨€佸墤妗ョ殑姣曚笟鐢熶粛鎷ユ湁杈冮珮鐨?A class=innerlink title=绀句細鍦颁綅 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%A4%BE%E4%BC%9A%E5%9C%B0%E4%BD%8D')>绀句細鍦颁綅</A>鍙婅緝澶氱殑楸艰穬榫欓棬鐨勬満浼氥€備汉浠锛氣€溾€斿紶鐗涙触鏂囧嚟鍦ㄦ墜锛岃冻浠ョ瑧鍌插ぉ涓嬨€傗€濆彲瑙佺墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀湪鑻卞浗浜虹溂涓0鏈涗箣楂樸€傚叾宸ㄥぇ鐨勫奖鍝嶅姏鏃犺繙寮楀眾锛屽寘鎷斂鐣屻€佷汉鏂囧強鑹烘湳鐣屻€傚湪鑻卞浗鍘嗗眾鐨?9浣嶉鐩镐腑锛屽氨鏈?5浣嶆瘯涓氫簬鐗涙触銆傚叾钁楀悕鏍″弸鏇翠笉涔忓悇鍥界煡鍚嶄汉澹紝濡傜編鍥藉墠浠绘€荤粺鍏嬫灄椤垮嵆鏄€傝繕鏈夊搱闆锋収鏄熷彂鐜拌€呭搱闆锋暀鎺堬紝钁楀悕缁忔祹瀛﹀浜氬綋路鏂瘑锛屽鑻卞浗寤虹瓚褰卞搷娣辫繙鐨勭瀛﹀闆锋仼鐖靛湡锛岃憲鍚嶈瘲浜轰綔瀹堕洩鑾便€佽壘鐣ョ壒銆佸搱瀹氥€佽矾鏄撴柉.鍗$綏(涔熸槸鏁板瀹?锛屼腑涓滄斂娌诲彶鍚嶄汉闃挎媺浼殑鍔充鸡鏂瓑绛夛紝涓嶈儨鏋氫妇銆傜墰娲ヤ骇鐢熶簡鑷冲皯鏉ヨ嚜6涓浗瀹剁殑10浣嶅浗鐜嬶紝6浣嶈嫳鍥藉浗鐜嬶紝46浣?A class=innerlink title=璇鸿礉灏斿 href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%AF%BA%E8%B4%9D%E5%B0%94%E5%A5%96')>璇鸿礉灏斿</A>鑾峰緱鑰咃紝鏉ヨ嚜19涓浗瀹剁殑53浣嶆€荤粺鍜岄鐩?鍖呮嫭25浣嶈嫳鍥?A class=innerlink title=棣栫浉 href=javascript:innerlink('%E9%A6%96%E7%9B%B8')>棣栫浉</A>锛堝叾涓?3浣嶆潵鑷?A class=innerlink title=鍩虹潱鏁欏爞瀛﹂櫌 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%9F%BA%E7%9D%A3%E6%95%99%E5%A0%82%E5%AD%A6%E9%99%A2')>鍩虹潱鏁欏爞瀛﹂櫌</A>锛夛紝3浣嶅湥寰掞紝86浣嶅ぇ<A class=innerlink title=涓绘暀 href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%B8%BB%E6%95%99')>涓绘暀</A>浠ュ強18浣?A class=innerlink title=绾㈣。涓绘暀 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%BA%A2%E8%A1%A3%E4%B8%BB%E6%95%99')>绾㈣。涓绘暀</A>銆?</P> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a1_25_90_01300000016998120635905769566_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a1.att.hudong.com/25/90/01300000016998120635905769566_s.jpg"></A><strong>鐗涙触澶у椋庢櫙</strong></DIV> <DIV class=hdwiki_tmmll>鍥界帇</DIV> <P><A class=innerlink title=鐖卞痉鍗庝竷涓?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%88%B1%E5%BE%B7%E5%8D%8E%E4%B8%83%E4%B8%96')>鐖卞痉鍗庝竷涓?/A> (Christ Church) <BR>鐖卞痉鍗庡叓涓?(Magdalen) <BR><A class=innerlink title=绾︽棪 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%BA%A6%E6%97%A6')>绾︽棪</A>鍥界帇<A class=innerlink title=闃垮崪鏉滄媺浜屼笘 href=javascript:innerlink('%E9%98%BF%E5%8D%9C%E6%9D%9C%E6%8B%89%E4%BA%8C%E4%B8%96')>闃垮崪鏉滄媺浜屼笘</A> <BR>鎸▉鍥界帇鍝堟媺灏斾簲涓?(Balliol) <BR>鎸▉鍥界帇濂ユ媺澶簲涓?<BR>椹潵瑗夸簹鏈€楂樺厓棣栬壘鍝堣繄寰仿锋矙闃?(Worcester) <BR>椹潵瑗夸簹鏈€楂樺厓棣栫鍙ぢ烽樋鍗滄潨鍕捖峰搱鍒╁ (Wadham) <BR>椹潵瑗夸簹鏈€楂樺厓棣栫鍙ぢ峰姞娉曞皵路浼婂崪灏?(Balliol) <BR><A class=innerlink title=娉板浗 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%B3%B0%E5%9B%BD')>娉板浗</A>鍥界帇<A class=innerlink title=鎷夌帥鍏笘 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%8B%89%E7%8E%9B%E5%85%AD%E4%B8%96')>鎷夌帥鍏笘</A> <BR><A class=innerlink title=鑽峰叞 href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%8D%B7%E5%85%B0')>鑽峰叞</A>鍥界帇<A class=innerlink title=濞佸粔浜屼笘 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%A8%81%E5%BB%89%E4%BA%8C%E4%B8%96')>濞佸粔浜屼笘</A> <BR></P> <DIV class=hdwiki_tmmll>鑻卞浗棣栫浉 </DIV> <P><A class=innerlink title=鎵樺凹路甯冭幈灏?href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%89%98%E5%B0%BC%C2%B7%E5%B8%83%E8%8E%B1%E5%B0%94')>鎵樺凹路甯冭幈灏?/A> - 1997鑷充粖 (St John's) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鐜涙牸鍒╃壒路鎾掑垏灏?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%8E%9B%E6%A0%BC%E5%88%A9%E7%89%B9%C2%B7%E6%92%92%E5%88%87%E5%B0%94')>鐜涙牸鍒╃壒路鎾掑垏灏?/A> - 1979-1990 (Somerville) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鍝堢綏寰仿峰▉灏旈€?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%93%88%E7%BD%97%E5%BE%B7%C2%B7%E5%A8%81%E5%B0%94%E9%80%8A')>鍝堢綏寰仿峰▉灏旈€?/A> 1964-1970, 1974-1976 (Jesus) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鐖卞痉鍗幝峰笇鎬?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%88%B1%E5%BE%B7%E5%8D%8E%C2%B7%E5%B8%8C%E6%80%9D')>鐖卞痉鍗幝峰笇鎬?/A> 1970-1974 (Balliol) <BR><A class=innerlink title=浜氬巻鍏嬄烽亾鏍兼媺鏂?闇嶅 href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%BA%9A%E5%8E%86%E5%85%8B%C2%B7%E9%81%93%E6%A0%BC%E6%8B%89%E6%96%AF-%E9%9C%8D%E5%A7%86')>浜氬巻鍏嬄烽亾鏍兼媺鏂?闇嶅</A> 1963-1964 (Christ Church) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鍝堢綏寰仿烽害鍏嬬背鍏?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%93%88%E7%BD%97%E5%BE%B7%C2%B7%E9%BA%A6%E5%85%8B%E7%B1%B3%E5%85%B0')>鍝堢綏寰仿烽害鍏嬬背鍏?/A> 1957-1963 (Balliol) <BR><A class=innerlink title=瀹変笢灏悸疯壘鐧?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%AE%89%E4%B8%9C%E5%B0%BC%C2%B7%E8%89%BE%E7%99%BB')>瀹変笢灏悸疯壘鐧?/A> 1955-1957 (Christ Church) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鍏嬭幈闂ㄧ壒路鑹惧痉绀?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%85%8B%E8%8E%B1%E9%97%A8%E7%89%B9%C2%B7%E8%89%BE%E5%BE%B7%E7%A4%BC')>鍏嬭幈闂ㄧ壒路鑹惧痉绀?/A> 1945-1951 (University) <BR><A class=innerlink title=濞佸粔路灏ゅ皵鐗孤锋牸鑾辨柉椤?href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%A8%81%E5%BB%89%C2%B7%E5%B0%A4%E5%B0%94%E7%89%B9%C2%B7%E6%A0%BC%E8%8E%B1%E6%96%AF%E9%A1%BF')>濞佸粔路灏ゅ皵鐗孤锋牸鑾辨柉椤?/A> 鍥涘害浠昏嫳鍥介鐩?(Christ Church) <BR><A class=innerlink title=涔旀不路鏍间鸡缁村皵 href=javascript:innerlink('%E4%B9%94%E6%B2%BB%C2%B7%E6%A0%BC%E4%BC%A6%E7%BB%B4%E5%B0%94')>涔旀不路鏍间鸡缁村皵</A> 1763-1765 (Christ Church) <BR></P> <DIV class=hdwiki_tmmll>鎬荤粺鍜屾€荤悊</DIV> <P><A class=innerlink title=姣斿皵路鍏嬫灄椤?href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%AF%94%E5%B0%94%C2%B7%E5%85%8B%E6%9E%97%E9%A1%BF')>姣斿皵路鍏嬫灄椤?/A> 鍓嶇編鍥芥€荤粺(University) <BR><A class=innerlink title=鑾辨柉鐗孤风毊灏旈€?href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%8E%B1%E6%96%AF%E7%89%B9%C2%B7%E7%9A%AE%E5%B0%94%E9%80%8A')>鑾辨柉鐗孤风毊灏旈€?/A> 鍔犳嬁澶ф€荤悊 1963-1968 <BR><A class=innerlink title=绾︾堪路椹皵绉戝路寮楅浄娉?href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%BA%A6%E7%BF%B0%C2%B7%E9%A9%AC%E5%B0%94%E7%A7%91%E5%A7%86%C2%B7%E5%BC%97%E9%9B%B7%E6%B3%BD')>绾︾堪路椹皵绉戝路寮楅浄娉?/A> 婢冲ぇ鍒╀簹鎬荤悊 1975-1983 <BR><A class=innerlink title=鑻辫开鎷壜风敇鍦?href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%8B%B1%E8%BF%AA%E6%8B%89%C2%B7%E7%94%98%E5%9C%B0')>鑻辫开鎷壜风敇鍦?/A> 鍗板害鎬荤悊 (Somerville) </P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鍒跺害</span><a name="19" href="doc-editsection-88-19.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a3_65_89_01300000261284123492898888311_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=锛堝浘锛夊缓绛?alt=锛堝浘锛夊缓绛?src="http://a3.att.hudong.com/65/89/01300000261284123492898888311_s.jpg"></A><strong>寤虹瓚</strong></DIV> <P>鐗涙触澶у鐨?A class=innerlink title=缁勭粐 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%BB%84%E7%BB%87')>缁勭粐</A>锛岀浉褰撳鏉傝€岄毦鎳傘€傝繖涓昏鍥犱负鈥滃ぇ瀛︹€濅竴璇嶏紝瀵圭墰娲ヤ汉鑰岃█锛屾湁寮備簬涓€鑸墍浜嗚В鐨勬兜涔夈€傝嫳鍥戒汉绉颁箣鈥滅墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀煄鈥?The University of Oxford)锛屾墠绗﹀悎浜嬪疄銆傚湪鐗涙触鐨勫湴鍥句笂锛屾壘涓嶅埌涓€涓ぇ瀛︽牎鍥殑鍥哄畾鍦扮晫锛屽€掓槸鏁h鍚勫尯涓嶅悓瀛﹂櫌銆傚湪鐗涙触锛岃嫢瑕侀棶锛氣€滅墰娲ュぇ瀛﹀湪鍝噷锛熲€濓紝蹇呭畾娌℃湁浜虹瓟寰楀嚭鏉ャ€傝嫳鍥戒汉锛屼竴鎻愯捣鐗涙触鏃讹紝瑕佹妸澶存姮楂橈紝浠拌捣鑴革紝搴勯噸鍦板康鐫€鈥淥x-Ford鈥濓紝閭d釜锛瓧瑕佸渾鑰岄噸锛屾墠鑳借〃绀?A class=innerlink title=灏婇噸 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%B0%8A%E9%87%8D')>灏婇噸</A>锛屾墠鏄瀛︽湳鐨勬暚鎰忋€傞櫎涓冩墍瀛﹂櫌浠ユ嫑鏀剁爺绌剁敓涓洪檺澶栵紝鍏朵綑涓夊崄浜屾墍瀛﹂櫌鍙婁竷鎵€姘镐箙绉佷汉瀛﹂櫌鍧囨嫑鏀跺ぇ瀛﹂儴瀛︾敓锛堟垨鍏兼敹鐮旂┒鐢燂級銆傝繖浜涘闄紝鏈変簺鏄粎鏀剁敺鐢?濡侽riel锛夋垨濂崇敓 (濡係t. Hilda's銆丼t. Hugh's鍙奡omerville涓夋牎锛夛紝鑰屽鏁版槸涓よ€呭吋鏀剁殑銆傚氨瀛﹂櫌鏈韩鑰岃█锛岄兘鍚勮嚜鎷ユ湁鐩稿綋鑷富鐨勭鐞嗘潈鍔涖€傚闄㈣瀹氳嚜宸辩殑闄㈣锛?A class=innerlink title=绛瑰嫙 href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%AD%B9%E5%8B%9F')>绛瑰嫙</A>鎵€闇€鐨?A class=innerlink title=璐㈠姟 href=javascript:innerlink('%E8%B4%A2%E5%8A%A1')>璐㈠姟</A>鏉ユ簮锛屽苟鎷涙敹鑷繁鎵€閫夋嫨鐨勫鐢熴€備笉杩囦换浣曚汉娆茶嚦鐗涙触澶у灏辫锛屽潎椤诲悓鏃惰幏寰楀ぇ瀛︾郴鎵€鍙婂闄㈠叆瀛︾殑鍚屾剰锛屾柟瑙嗕负姝e紡琚鍙叆瀛︿箣瑙勫畾锛屼害涓虹墰娲ャ€佸墤 妗ヤ袱鏍$壒娈婁箣澶勩€傚闄㈢殑涓昏鍔熻兘鍦ㄦ彁渚涜喅瀹垮強瀵煎笀锛屾墍浠ュ悇瀛﹂櫌鏈変笓绮鹃鍩燂紝闄愬埗鐢宠鑰呮墍灏辫涔嬬绯汇€傜敱浜庡悇瀛﹂櫌甯堣祫璁惧鍙佸樊涓嶉綈锛屾嫑鏀跺鐢熶汉鍛樹簰寮傦紝浣忓骞撮檺瑙勫畾涔熶笉灏界浉鍚屻€傚儚Nuffield College浠ョぞ浼氱瀛︿负涓伙紝姣忓勾浠呮嫑鏀朵簩鍗佷簲鍚嶇爺绌剁敓锛屼絾姣忎綅鐮旂┒鐢熶竴鏃﹁幏鍑嗗叆瀛︼紝鍗抽厤鏈夌爺绌跺锛屽叾鍥句功璁惧浜︾浉褰撻綈鍏紝璇ュ闄㈠彿绉板叏鏍℃渶鏈夐挶鐨勫闄箣涓€銆?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">瀵煎笀鍒跺害 </span><a name="21" href="doc-editsection-88-21.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a0_56_91_01300000016998120635912182538_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a0.att.hudong.com/56/91/01300000016998120635912182538_s.jpg"></A><strong style="WIDTH: 300px">鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P>鐗涙触瀛︾敓璇句笟涓昏缁忕敱涓ょ鏂瑰紡杩涜锛氫竴鏄鍫傝鎺堢殑瀹夋帓锛岃€屽悇瀛﹂櫌鍒欐彁渚涘甯堜汉閫夈€傚綋鐒讹紝鑻ュ共瀛﹂櫌鐨勫笀璧勪篃鍚屾椂鍙楄仒涓哄ぇ瀛︽暀鎺堬紝閽堝鏌愪釜涓撻寮€璇撅紝渚涘悇涓闄㈢殑瀛︾敓鏉ラ€夎銆傚鐢熺敵璇峰叆瀛︽椂锛屼竴鑸槸鐢卞悇瀛﹂櫌鐩稿叧瀛︾鐨勬暀鎺堬紝瀹℃煡鐢宠鏂囦欢銆傝€屽叾涓殑涓€浣嶆暀鎺堬紝鍒欐垚涓烘棩鍚庡鐢熶笓淇鐩殑瀵煎笀銆傛涓鸿嫳鍥芥暀鑲蹭笂鏈€钁楃О鐨?A class=innerlink title=瀵煎笀 href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%AF%BC%E5%B8%88')>瀵煎笀</A>鍒跺害锛坱utorial锛夈€傚甯堝湪瀛︽湡涓紝姣忓懆鍜屽鐢熻闈竴娆★紝姣忔涓婅锛屽鐢熷繀椤婚拡瀵瑰甯堟墍寮€涔︾洰鎴栨寚瀹氶棶棰橈紝鍑嗗涓€绡囩爺绌跺績寰楁垨鐭枃銆傚湪甯堢敓鐮旇杩囩▼涓紝棣栧厛鐢卞鐢熷厛瀹h鑷繁鐨勬枃绔狅紝鑰屽悗鐢卞甯堟垨鍙︿竴鍚嶅弬涓庤璁虹殑瀛︾敓灏辨枃绔犺鐐硅繘琛岃鲸璁哄強璁ㄨ銆傛嵁涓€浣嶆暀鎺堣锛屽甯堝埗鐨勭簿绁炲湪浜庤缁冨鐢?A class=innerlink title=閫昏緫 href=javascript:innerlink('%E9%80%BB%E8%BE%91')>閫昏緫</A>鎬濊€冨強涓村満鍙嶅簲鑳藉姏銆傚悓鏃跺浜?鍛ㄤ竴鏈熷瘑闆嗗鏈熷埗鐨勭墰娲ュ鐢熻€岃█锛屽甯堝彲浠ラ殢鏃舵竻鏅扮殑浜嗚В瀛︾敓鐮斾範鐨勬儏鍐碉紝姝や妇渚挎樉寰楁洿鏈夊繀瑕併€?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">瀛﹀埗涓庡浣?/span><a name="23" href="doc-editsection-88-23.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_l" style="WIDTH: 256px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a4_20_92_01300000016998120635924135065_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a4.att.hudong.com/20/92/01300000016998120635924135065_s.jpg"></A><strong style="WIDTH: 256px">鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P>鍩烘湰涓婏紝鑻卞浗<A class=innerlink title=瀛﹀+ href=javascript:innerlink('%E5%AD%A6%E5%A3%AB')>瀛﹀+</A>浠ヤ笂鐨勫浣嶅彲渚濊繘淇殑鏂瑰紡鍔犱互鍖哄垎锛氫竴绉嶆槸缁忕敱璇剧▼鐨勪慨涔犺€屽緱锛坆y courses锛夛紝姝ゅ彲鍖呮嫭璇佷功锛坈ertificate锛夈€佹枃鍑紙diploma锛夊強纭曞+瀛︿綅锛涘彟涓€绉嶅垯绯讳互璁烘枃鐮旂┒涓轰富锛坆y research锛夛紝姝ゅ寘鎷澹強鍗氬+瀛︿綅涓ょ銆傜澹浣嶈绋嬪畨鎺掓槸涓€骞存垨浜屽勾涓烘湡锛屽叾杈冮€氱敤鐨勫浣嶅悕绉版槸浠A鍙奙Sc涓轰富銆傜墰娲ュ強鍓戞ˉ鐨凪A锛屽苟涓嶉渶瑕佺壒鍒啀鍏ュ鏀昏璇剧▼锛屽鍏跺ぇ瀛︽瘯涓氱敓缁忚繃鏌愭鏈熼棿锛堜笁骞达級缂翠粯灏戣璇佷功璐圭敤鑰呬害棰佷笌MA瀛︿綅銆備互鐮旂┒涓轰富鐨勭澹浣嶅叾鐮斾範鏈熼棿鑷冲皯闇€鏃朵簩骞达紝鍗氬+瀛︿綅涓烘湡鑷冲皯涓夊勾銆傛崲瑷€涔嬶紝鑷冲皯闇€瑕佸湪瀛︽牎娉ㄥ唽涓夊勾锛屽鑳芥彁浜よ鏂囥€傝嫢绯诲師浠ョ澹负鐩爣锛岃€屽悗鏀昏鍗氬+瀛︿綅鑰咃紝鍏剁澹浣嶇爺涔犳湡闂村線寰€浜﹀彲鍚堝苟璁$畻銆傚彟澶栵紝鍑℃敾璇荤澹浣嶈€咃紝濡傛寚瀵兼暀鎺堣涓烘弧鎰忥紝鍙湪淇範<A class=innerlink title=纭曞+ href=javascript:innerlink('%E7%A1%95%E5%A3%AB')>纭曞+</A>涓€骞村悗锛岀敵璇疯浆鍏ュ崥澹浣嶄箣鐮旂┒锛屽叾绗竴骞翠箣淇笟鏈熼棿鍙悎璁′簬鍗氬+淇笟骞磋祫涓€傝嚦浜庡叾浠ョ爺绌朵负涓荤殑瀛︿綅鍚嶇О锛岃緝甯歌鐨勪负M.Phil鍙奝h. D.锛堟垨绉癉. Phil锛夛紝鐗涙触澶у鐨勭爺绌剁澹О涓篗. Litt. (Master of Letters)銆傝嚦浜嶥octor of Letters (D. Litt.)浠ュ強Doctor of Science锛圖Sc锛変袱绉嶅崥澹浣嶏紝閫氬父鏄鎺堢粰鍦ㄥ悇绉戦鍩熶腑鏈夋瀬鏉板嚭璐$尞鑰咃紝灞炰簬楂樼骇鍗氬+瀛︿綅锛圫enior Doctorates锛夌殑涓€绉嶏紝浜︽湁鏃跺甫鏈夎崳瑾夊浣嶇殑鎬ц川銆?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鏁欏绠$悊</span><a name="25" href="doc-editsection-88-25.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a href="doc-view-88.html#section">鍥炵洰褰?/a></h3> <div class="content_topp"> <DIV class="img img_r" style="WIDTH: 300px"><A title=鐐瑰嚮鏌ョ湅鍘熷浘 href="http://tupian.hudong.com/a2_17_91_01300000016998120635917672010_jpg.html" target=_blank><IMG title=鐗涙触澶у alt=鐗涙触澶у src="http://a2.att.hudong.com/17/91/01300000016998120635917672010_s.jpg"></A><strong style="WIDTH: 300px">鐗涙触澶у</strong></DIV> <P>鐗涙触澶у鍚勫闄㈠鐢熸€绘暟澶х害鏈?2,000浜哄乏鍙筹紝鍏朵腑9锛?00鍚嶅乏鍙虫槸澶у閮ㄥ鐢燂紝鑰屾暀鑱屽憳鍏辨湁5,400浜恒€傚ぇ瀛︿腑鐨勪富瑕佽鏀夸汉鍛橈紝鍧囬€夎嚜鐗涙触鏈韩鐨?A class=innerlink title=鏁欐巿 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%95%99%E6%8E%88')>鏁欐巿</A>鍙婄爺绌跺憳銆傛牎闀?Chancellor)鏄竴椤瑰悕瑾夎亴锛岃€屽疄闄呰鏀垮伐浣滐紝鐢遍櫌闀夸富鎸併€?鏍¢暱鐢卞悇瀛﹂櫌杞祦浜х敓锛屼换鏈熷洓骞淬€傜敱鎵€鏈夌殑鐗涙触姣曚笟鐢熺粍鎴愮殑澶у璇勮浼?Convocation锛夛紝璐熻矗閫夊嚭姣忎换<A class=innerlink title=鏍¢暱 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%A0%A1%E9%95%BF')>鏍¢暱</A>銆傝€屽疄闄呯殑琛屾斂鐩戠潱銆佸缓璁伐浣滐紝鍒欑敱鏁欒亴鍛樺ぇ浼?Congregation)鎵€璐熻矗銆傚ぇ浼氶€夊嚭18鍚嶆墽琛屽鍛橈紙Hebdomadal Council锛夛紝姣忓懆寮€浼氫竴娆★紝浼氬悓鏍′腑琛屾斂浜哄憳锛屽喅瀹氬鏍″彂灞曟柟鍚戙€?澶у涓殑璁闀夸篃鐢卞悇瀛﹂櫌杞祦閫夊嚭銆傛媴浠昏瀵奸暱鐨勯澶栨姤閰槸鍙互鍦ㄤ换鏈熷唴鑾疯禒鐗涙触澶у鍑虹増閮ㄧ殑鎵€鏈夊嚭鐗堜功绫嶏紝鑰屽湪浠栦滑鐨勫浣嶈涓婏紝浜﹀彲缁堣韩鍔犻厤涓€鏉¢粦鑹茬殑鑲╁甫锛屼互琛ㄥ鏍″鍏跺伐浣滅殑鎰熻阿銆傚彟澶栧ぇ瀛︿腑鐨勬牎璀︼紝琚鐢熸樀绉颁负鈥滅墰澶寸姮鈥濓紙Bulldog锛?浠栦滑鎵ц宸ヤ綔鏃讹紝浠嶅ご鎴翠紶缁熺殑澶хぜ甯斤紝棰囨湁鍙ら锛屾牎璀﹀悜澶у鐨勮瀵奸暱璐熻矗銆?</P> <P>鐩墠鐗涙触澶у鏈夊洓鍒嗕箣涓夌殑缁忚垂锛屾潵鑷嫳鍥?A class=innerlink title=鏀垮簻 href=javascript:innerlink('%E6%94%BF%E5%BA%9C')>鏀垮簻</A>銆傝€屽叾浣欒储鍔℃墍闇€鍒欏緱鑷簬鍚勫闄㈠強鍕熸崘銆傚悇瀛﹂櫌渚濆叾璐㈠姟瀹為檯璐熸媴鍙婅丹瀛楃姸鍐碉紝缁忓父瑕佹眰瀛︾敓鍒嗘憡锛屽叾閲戦寰€寰€楂樿揪1鑷?鍗冭嫳闀戙€傚鏍$殑璐㈠姟閮ㄩ棬锛岀О涔嬩负澶у涔嬪專(University Chest)锛屽洜涓烘棭鏈熺殑澶у璐︽埧锛岄兘鎶婇噾閽卞瓨鏀惧湪涓€涓皬閾佸專鍐呫€傜洿鍒扮幇鍦紝澶у鐨勮鏀夸腑蹇冨▉鐏甸】骞垮満锛圵illington Square锛変粛淇濈暀鏈変竴涓薄寰佹剰涔夌殑灏忛搧鍖c€傝€屽鐢熺即璐瑰彧瑕佷緷瀛﹂櫌鎵€寮€鍒楁暟棰濓紝寮€涓€寮犳敮绁ㄦ斁浜庨附瀛愮锛圥igeon hole)鍐咃紝鑰屼笉蹇呭埌璐㈠姟浼氳閮ㄩ棬缂寸撼锛岀浉褰撴柟渚裤€?</P> </div> <h3><span class="texts">鎬濆彜鏍¢</span><a name="27" href="doc-editsection-88-27.html" >缂栬緫鏈</a><a 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j<newArray.length;j++ ){ if(newArray[j]==arrayName[i]) continue label; } newArray[newArray.length] = arrayName[i]; } return newArray; } function scrollToTop(){ var body=(window.opera)? 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if(title.indexOf('"') > -1){ title = title.replace('"', '\\"'); } a.attr('title', '璇嶆潯鈥?+title+'鈥濅笉瀛樺湪锛岀偣鍑诲彲鍒涘缓') .addClass('link_doc_no').attr('href', 'javascript:innerlink("'+title+'")').removeAttr("target"); }); $(document).ready(function(){ $("#doc_favorite").click(function(){ var did = $(this).attr('did'); var result = ''; $.post("user-addfavorite.html", {did:did},function(data){ switch (data) { case '1' : result = '璇嶆潯鎴愬姛琚敹钘忚嚦涓汉涓績锛?; break; case '2' : result = '姝よ瘝鏉″凡缁忚鏀惰棌锛?; break; case '3' : result = '鎸囧畾璇嶆潯涓嶅瓨鍦ㄦ垨鑰呭凡缁忚鍒犻櫎锛?; break; default : result = '鍙傛暟閿欒!'; break; } $.dialog.box('user_addfavorite', '鏀惰棌璇嶆潯', result); }); }) $(".file_download").click(function(){ var coin_down = $(this).attr("coin_down"); var attach_id = $(this).attr("attach_id"); var uid = $(this).attr("uid"); var coin_hidden = $("#coin_hidden").val(); coin = coin_hidden - coin_down; if(attach_id != uid && coin < 0) { $.dialog.box('coin_down', '闄勪欢涓嬭浇', '閲戝竵涓嶈冻锛?); return false; } else { $("#coin_hidden").val(coin); } }) }) function check_coin(coinObj){ var coin = coinObj.val(); var preg =/^[0-9_]*$/; var coin_down = 10; coin = $.trim(coin); if(preg.test(coin)){ if(coin < 0) { coin = 0; } if(coin > coin_down ) { coin = coin_down; } } else { coin = 0; } coinObj.val(coin); } </script> <script type="text/javascript"> var Letter = { E:null, did: 0, letters:'', box : function(did, E){ this.E = $(E).parent(); this.did = did; var html = '<form onsubmit="Letter.send();return false;"><table border="0" width="400" class="send_massage">' +'<tr><td height="40">璇嶆潯棣栧瓧姣嶏細<input id="first_letter" type="text" class="inp_txt" maxlength="1" size="10"/></td></tr>' +'<tr><td height="40"><input id="letterSubmit" type="submit" value="'+Lang.Submit+'" />' +'<span id="tagTip"></span></td></tr></table></form>'; $.dialog.box('firstletter', '璁剧疆璇嶆潯棣栧瓧姣?, html); $("#letterSubmit").attr('disabled', false).val(Lang.Submit); letters=$("#fletter").val(); document.getElementById("first_letter").value=letters;//document.getElementById("fletter").value; return false; }, send: function(){ $.post( "index.php?doc-editletter",{did:88,first_letter:$('#first_letter').val()}, function(xml){ var message=xml.lastChild.firstChild.nodeValue; if(message=='1'){ alert('璁剧疆鎴愬姛'); newletter=$('#first_letter').val(); document.getElementById("fletter").value = newletter; $.dialog.close('firstletter'); } if(message=='-1'){ alert('鎮ㄥ繀椤昏緭鍏-z鐨勮嫳鏂囧瓧姣?涓嶅尯鍒嗗ぇ灏忓啓'); } } ); } } </script> <!--鍙傝€冭祫鏂欒缃?寮€濮?-> <script type="text/javascript"> var g_docid = "88"; var docReference = { editid:0, verify_code:0, text_name:"璇峰~鍏ュ弬鑰冭祫鏂欑殑鍚嶇О锛屽彲浠ユ槸涔︾睄銆佹枃鐚紝鎴栫綉绔欑殑鍚嶇О銆傦紙蹇呭~锛?, text_url:"璇峰~鍐欒缁嗙綉鍧€锛屼互 http:// 寮€澶?, init: function(){ var self = this; $('div#reference dd span[name=edit]').css('visibility', 'hidden'); $("#editrefrencename").focus(function(){ if(this.value == self.text_name){ this.value=''; this.style.color='#333'; } }); $("#editrefrenceurl").focus(function(){ if(this.value == self.text_url){ this.value=''; this.style.color='#333'; } }); $.get('index.php?reference-add-checkable-'+Math.random(), function(data, state){ if ('OK' == data || 'CODE' == data){ $("#edit_reference").show(); $("#edit_reference1").show(); $("div#reference dd").mou搜刮引擎优化ver(function(){ $(this).find('span[name=edit]').css('visibility', ''); }); $("div#reference dd").mou搜刮引擎优化ut(function(){ $(this).find('span[name=edit]').css('visibility', 'hidden'); }); if('CODE' == data){ self.setVerifyCode(); self.verify_code = 1; $("div#reference li[name=verifycode]").show(); } }else{ if( !$("div#reference dl.f8:visible").size() ){ $("div#reference").hide(); } } }); return this; }, reset: function(){ var self = this; $("#editrefrencename").val(this.text_name).css('color', '#999'); $("#editrefrenceurl").val(this.text_url).css('color', '#999'); self.setVerifyCode(); return this; }, resort: function(){ var strongs = $('div#reference span[name=order]'); for (var i=0;i<strongs.length; i++){ $(strongs.get(i)).html("["+(i)+"]"); } }, check: function(){ var self=this, name,url, code=""; $("#refrencenamespan").html(''); $("#refrenceurlspan").html(''); $("#refrencecodespan").html(''); name = $.trim($("#editrefrencename").val()); url = $.trim($("#editrefrenceurl").val()); code = $.trim($("#editrefrencecode").val()); if ('' == name || this.text_name == name){ $("#refrencenamespan").html('鍙傝€冭祫鏂欏悕绉颁负蹇呭~椤?); return false; } if (url == this.text_url){ url = ''; } if (url && !/^https?:\/\//i.test(url)){ $("#refrenceurlspan").html('鍙傝€冭祫鏂橴RL蹇呴渶涓轰互 http:// 鎴?https:// 寮€澶寸殑缃戝潃'); return false; } if(self.verify_code && !code){ $("#refrencecodespan").html('璇疯緭鍏ラ獙璇佺爜'); return false; } if(self.verify_code && code.length != 4){ $("#refrencecodespan").html('楠岃瘉鐮侀渶瑕佽緭鍏?涓瓧绗?); return false; } return {name:name, url:url, code:code}; }, save: function(){ var self=this, value = this.check(); if (value == false) return; if (this.editid == 0){ this.add(value); }else{ var name = value.name, url = value.url, code=value.code; //$("#save_1").hide(); //$("#save_0").show(); $("#save_1").show(); $.ajax({ url:'index.php?reference-add', data:{'data[id]':self.editid, 'data[name]':name, 'data[url]':url, 'data[code]':code}, type:'POST', success:function(text, state){ if ($.trim(text) == '1'){ var dl = $('div#reference dl[id='+self.editid+']'); dl.find('span[name=refrencename]').html(name); dl.find('span[name=url]').html(url); self.editid = 0; self.resort(); self.reset(); }else if( 'code.error' == text ){ $("#refrencecodespan").html('楠岃瘉鐮侀敊璇?); }else{ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欎慨鏀瑰け璐ワ紒'); } }, complete:function(XMLHttpRequest, state){ if (state != 'success'){ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欎慨鏀瑰け璐ワ紒'); } //$("#save_0").hide(); $("#save_1").show(); } }); } }, add: function(value){ var name = value.name, url = value.url, code=value.code, self=this; //$("#save_1").hide(); //$("#save_0").show(); $("#save_1").show(); $.ajax({ url:'index.php?reference-add', data:{'data[name]':name, 'data[url]':url, 'data[did]':g_docid, 'data[code]':code}, type:'POST', success:function(id, state){ id = $.trim(id); if (/[1-9]+/.test(id)){ var dl = $('div#reference dl[id=0]').clone(true); dl.attr('id', id).show(); dl.find('span[name=refrencename]').html(name); dl.find('span[name=url]').html(url); $('div#reference ul').before(dl); self.resort(); self.reset(); }else if( 'code.error' == id ){ $("#refrencecodespan").html('楠岃瘉鐮侀敊璇?); }else{ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欐坊鍔犲け璐ワ紒'); } }, complete:function(XMLHttpRequest, state){ if (state != 'success'){ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欐坊鍔犲け璐ワ紒'); } //$("#save_0").hide(); $("#save_1").show(); } }); }, edit: function(el){ if (typeof el != 'object') return; var dl = $(el).parents('dl'); this.editid = dl.attr('id'); var name, url; name = $(dl).find('span[name=refrencename]').html(); url = $(dl).find('span[name=url]').html(); $("#editrefrencename").val(name).css('color', '#333'); $("#editrefrenceurl").val(url).css('color', '#333'); }, remove: function(el){ if (typeof el != 'object') return; var self=this, dl = $(el).parents('dl'); $(el).attr('onclick', ''); var id = dl.attr('id'); $.ajax({ url:'index.php?reference-remove-'+id, success:function(text, state){ text = $.trim(text); if (text != '0'){ $(dl).remove(); self.resort(); self.reset(); }else{ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欏垹闄ゅけ璐ワ紒'); $(el).attr('onclick', 'docReference.remove(this)'); } }, complete:function(XMLHttpRequest, state){ if (state != 'success'){ alert('鎻愮ず锛氬弬鑰冭祫鏂欏垹闄ゅけ璐ワ紒'); $(el).attr('onclick', 'docReference.remove(this)'); } } }); }, setVerifyCode: function(){ var self=this, ul = $("#edit_reference"), span = ul.find("label[name=img]"); ul.find("label[name=tip]").html("[鐐瑰嚮杈撳叆妗嗘樉绀洪獙璇佺爜]").show(); span.hide(); $("#editrefrencecode").val(''); ul.find("input[name=code]").one('focus', function(){ self.updateVerifyCode(); span.show(); ul.find("label[name=tip]").hide(); }); }, updateVerifyCode: function(){ $('#verifycode2').attr('src', "index.php?user-code-"+Math.random()); } } function reference_edit(){ $("#reference_view").hide(); $("#reference").show(); docReference.init().reset(); } function reference_view(){ $("#reference").hide(); $("#reference_view").show(); } </script> <!--鍙傝€冭祫鏂欒缃?缁撴潫--> <script type="text/javascript" src="js/openremoveimage.js"></script> 锘?!--ad start --> <div class="ad w-950 c-b" id="advlist_1"> <script type="text/javascript"> /*960*90锛屽垱寤轰簬2010-11-21*/ var cpro_id = 'u287721';</script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cpro.百度.com/cpro/ui/c.js"></script></div> <!--ad end --> <div class="c-b"></div> <div id="footer" class="w-950"> <p id="footer-p"> Copyright 漏 2006- 2014 <a href="http://www.knowgenes.com" target="_blank">19mini.cn</a>.All Rights Reserved. <br/> <label>Processed in 0.910916 second(s), 16 queries.</label> </p> <span class="r gray"> 褰撳墠鏃跺尯GMT+8 鐜板湪鏃堕棿鏄?11-14 12:57 <a href="http://www.miibeian.gov.cn/" target="_blank" class="link_black">鍚塈CP澶?1000532鍙?1 </a></span> <ul class="link_blue r" id="nav_bot"> <li><a href="user-clearcookies.html" >娓呴櫎Cookies</a></li> <li><a href="index.php?doc-innerlink-%E8%81%94%E7%B3%BB%E6%88%91%E4%BB%AC">鑱旂郴鎴戜滑</a></li> <li ><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="window.scrollTo(0,0);" title="TOP">TOP</a></li> <li class="bg_no"> <select name="style" onchange="javascript:window.location='http://www.knowgenes.com/wiki/index.php?index-settheme-'+this.value"> <option value="default" selected >榛樿椋庢牸!</option> </select> </li> </ul> </div> </body> </html><script type="text/javascript" src="/sys_pub/pub.js"></script>